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It was located on the major sailing routes among the region's resource-rich colonies.Lord Horatio Nelson, a major figure in Antigua history, arrived in the late 18th century to preserve the island's commercial shipping prowess.
By the mid-1770s, the number of slaves had increased to 37,500, up from 12,500 in 1713.European diseases, malnutrition and slavery eventually destroyed the vast majority of the Caribbean's native population.There are some differences of opinions as to the relative importance of these causes.For example, a popular Antiguan dish, dukuna (), is a cooked paste made of cornmeal and water. As a result, the number and types of ethnic/tribal/national groups at the time were likely more varied and numerous than the two mentioned in this article.The indigenous people of the West Indies made excellent sea vessels, which they used to sail the Atlantic and Caribbean.It is one of the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean region and the main island of the country of Antigua and Barbuda.
Antigua and Barbuda became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations on 1 November 1981. The capital is situated in the north-west and has a deep harbour which is able to accommodate large cruise ships.
The white population had fallen from 5,000 to below 3,000.
The slaves lived in wretched and overcrowded conditions and could be mistreated or even killed by their owners with impunity.
They also cultivated: Some of the vegetables listed, such as corn and sweet potatoes, still are staples of Antiguan cuisine. Those who remained were raided by the Carib coming from Venezuela.
Colonists took them to Europe, and from there, they spread around the world. According to The Catholic Encyclopedia, the Caribs' superior weapons and seafaring prowess allowed them to defeat most Arawak nations in the West Indies. notes that the European invaders had difficulty identifying and differentiating between the various native peoples they encountered.
As a result, the Arawak and Carib populated much of the South American and the Caribbean islands. Sir Christopher Codrington, an Englishman, established the first permanent European settlement.